Chemical peels are a popular and effective way to treat acne. They work by quickly exfoliating the skin, allowing dead skin cells to break off and preventing clogged pores and blackheads. Chemical peels can also reduce the appearance of acne scars, reduce pore size, and decrease the production of sebum, the oil that causes acne. This means that, in the long run, you'll have fewer breakouts and a more confident complexion. In a randomized control split face trial, both AS 30% and GA 30% were found to be equally effective in treating acne.
Another study found that peels with AS or salicylic-mandelic acid were better than peels with GA. Chemical peels are special acid solutions applied to the face by a board-certified dermatologist or esthetician. When treating certain populations, deep chemical peels should be avoided and preoperative preparation should be emphasized. Medium-depth peels are not recommended for phototypes ≥IV due to the risk of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, but this risk can be reduced by pre-peeling preparation with hydroquinone for 1 month and peeling during the winter season. Analgesia isn't necessary for any medium-depth peel if the operator has experience performing the exfoliation quickly and gently. There are several chemical agents with varying mechanisms of action, generally classified as superficial, medium and deep peels.
In the weeks leading up to your first chemical peel, you may be prescribed topical medications to prepare your skin for the peel. Superficial to medium depth chemical peels are useful adjunctive therapies in acne vulgaris. There are chemical peels that are safe to use on all skin colors without the risk of hyperpigmentation (usually a concern with darker skin). A medium-depth chemical peel can cost a third of that and offers more impressive results in a single treatment. In conclusion, chemical peels offer an effective way to treat acne and reduce its appearance. They can also help reduce pore size and decrease sebum production, leading to fewer breakouts in the long run.
Chemical peels can also help reduce dark spots caused by sun exposure or hormonal surges, although there is no permanent cure for these conditions.